Type 2 diabetes which was earlier thought to be an adult disease, is now seen commonly among teens and school going children.
The type 1 and type 2 diabetes have hit the youngsters below 20 years of age and has spread across 5 major ethnic groups from 2002 to 2012. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that every year 75,000 Americans die due to diabetes.
The type 2 diabetes is different from Type 1 diabetes. The type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that occurs due to high blood sugar and lack of insulin. The onset of type 2 diabetes among youngsters reduced their life expectancy and increases the cost of health care.
The Factors Leading To Type 2 Diabetes
The health care providers claim that obesity is one of the risk factors that causes the disease. The number of youngsters suffering from type 2 diabetes has tripled since 1970.
The inability of cells to convert sugar into energy causes the disease. When the level of blood sugar increases, the blood vessels becomes stiff that increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure. However, the silent killer has recently hit the school going kids belonging to the states like California, Ohio, Colorado, South Carolina and Washington. Other factors like age, gender, race have also influenced the spread of disease. The disease is commonly seen among 10 to 19-year-old kids. The spread of disease was biased based on ethnicity, for instance, the number of white kids and youth diagnosed with the disease was less compared to the number of native Americans.
The findings of the study supported by CDC along with National Institutes of Health has been published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
The U.S. researchers have discovered a new drug that can treat the type 2 diabetes. The drug has shown positive results when tested on mice. The mice have reflected normal sugar levels and it is expected that the drug will work in a similar manner in case of humans. The small molecule inhibitor present in the drug reduces the insulin sensitivity. The drug can be taken orally and has no significant side effects.